Drug Types

Types of Drugs and Drug Types

Is that the same thing?

Every user has their go to drug, a type of drug that sets them off on a off worldly experience so good that they instantly crave it again and again.

 

The Main types of drugs and their known effects

type of drug effect on the body example
hallucinogen alters what we hear and see cannabis, LSD
painkiller blocks nerve impulses aspirin, heroin
performance enhancer improves muscle development anabolic steroids
stimulant increases brain activity nicotine, caffeine, ecstasy

We will cover each drug type in more detail below and explore known side effects from taking the drug and any associated long term implications from taking the drugs.

Drug addiction is not a predictable occurrence it affects every person different these drug type overviews will hopefully provide you with more insight into the typ of habit forming drugs out there and what effects you can expect to see from use of each type.

 

Drug Types

HALLUCINOGEN

Alters our perception of the world around us and plays tricks on our senses changing what we see and what we hear from what is really happening.

PAINKILLER

Our nerves and impulses are blocked most commonly used for pain relief.

PERFORMANCE ENHANCER

Improves muscle development and performance think steroids.

STIMULANT

Awakens the brain activity stimulates our senses makes the user feel alive.

 

Types of drugs

There are many different types of drugs that are illegally available and it is important to know what these drugs are and how they can affect you. A number of rehabilitation centers have found that the most common of these is probably cocaine. Cocaine is a stimulant that causes the user to have a great sense of well-being and feel as if they are able to conquer the world. However, this feeling soon passes and the user is left feeling depressed and in need of another dose.

These types of drugs are highly addictive and the long-term use of the drug can have numerous negative effects on the user’s health and mind.

Hallucinogens: Hallucinogens describe a class of drugs that produce hallucinations. A hallucination is an illusion of seeing or hearing something that is not actually there.

Hallucinogens can be produced naturally or synthetically. The most commonly known hallucinogen is synthetic lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) which is sold as a liquid or an absorbent tab or Small Square of paper. Natural hallucinogenic chemicals are found in plants such as the peyote cactus (mescaline) and some mushrooms (psilocybin). Certain drugs such as cannabis and ecstasy may produce hallucinogenic effects at high doses or in other circumstances.

Effects of hallucinogens

HEALTH EFFECTS OF USING HALLUCINOGENS:

The effects of hallucinogens will vary from person to person depending on characteristics of the:

  • Individual (user) – Mood, physical size, health, gender, previous experience with hallucinogens, expectations of the drug, personality, whether the person has had food and whether other drugs have been taken.
  • Drug – The amount used, its purity, and the way it is taken.
  • Setting (environment) – Whether the person is using with friends, on his/her own, in a social setting or at home, at work or before driving.

SHORT-TERM EFFECTS

  • Dilation of pupils
  • Increase in heart rate and blood pressure
  • Increase in body temperature and sweating
  • Seeing things in a distorted way or seeing things that do not exist
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Intense sensory experiences – bright colours, sharper sounds
  • Impaired coordination and tremors
  • Distorted sense of time – minutes can seem like hours
  • Varying emotions
  • Distorted sense of space and body
  • Tension and anxiety leading to panic attacks

LONG-TERM EFFECTS

  • Flashbacks – a spontaneous and unpredictable recurrence of prior drug experience (‘tripping’) without taking the drug. Flashbacks may occur days, weeks or years after the drug was last taken. They can be triggered by the use of other drugs, stress, fatigue, and physical exercise or for no apparent reason
  • Increased risk of developing severe mental disturbances in those who have a predisposition to the condition
  • Impaired memory and concentration
  • Tolerance
  • Psychological dependence

 

Cocaine: Cocaine is a stimulant drug which affects the central nervous system by speeding up the activity of certain chemicals in the brain, producing a feeling of increased alertness and reduced fatigue.

HEALTH EFFECTS OF USING COCAINE:

THE EFFECTS OF COCAINE WILL VARY FROM PERSON TO PERSON DEPENDING ON CHARACTERISTICS OF THE:

  • Individual (user) – Mood, physical size, health, gender, previous experience with cocaine, expectations of the drug, personality, whether the person has had food and whether other drugs have been taken
  • Drug – The amount used, its purity, and whether it is smoked, swallowed, snorted or injected
  • Setting (environment) – Whether the person is using with friends, on his/her own, in a social setting or at home, at work or before driving

Short-term effects

  • Increased breathing and pulse rates
  • Increased blood pressure
  • High body temperature
  • Increased alertness
  • Reduced appetite
  • Feeling of wellbeing
  • Enlarged pupils
  • Anxiety, irritability, and suspiciousness
  • Exaggerated feelings of confidence and energy
  • Inability to sleep

LONG-TERM EFFECTS

  • Tolerance and dependence
  • Aggressive or violent behavior
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss and malnutrition
  • Irritability or emotional disturbances
  • Restlessness
  • Paranoia
  • Periods of psychosis
  • Auditory hallucinations
  • Convulsions
  • Reduced resistance to infection.

There are also dangerous effects associated with the method of use. Snorting can damage the fragile mucous membrane in the nasal passages. It produces burns and sores on the membranes that line the interior of the nose.

Injecting cocaine can result in blocked blood vessels that can cause major damage to the body’s organs, inflamed blood vessels and abscesses, blood poisoning, bacterial infections which may damage the heart valves, vein collapse, and infection at injection site, bruising or more serious injuries if users inject into an artery or tissue.

 

Cannabis: Cannabis is a tobacco-like greenish or brownish material made up of the dried flowering tops and leaves of the cannabis (hemp) plant. Cannabis resin or “hash” is the dried black or brown secretion of the flowering tops of the cannabis plant, which is made into a powder or pressed into slabs or cakes. Cannabis oil or “hash oil” is cannabis resin in liquid form. Cannabis is by far the most cultivated, trafficked and abused the illicit drug.

HEALTH EFFECTS OF USING CANNABIS:

The effects of cannabis and the risks will vary from person to person depending on the characteristics of the:

  • Individual (user) – Mood, physical size, physical and mental health, gender, previous experience with cannabis, expectations of the drug and personality.
  • Drug – The amount used and whether it is smoked or eaten.
  • Setting (environment) – Whether the person is using with friends, on his/her own, in a social setting or at home, at work or before driving.

SHORT-TERM EFFECTS

  • Loss of concentration
  • Impaired balance
  • Slower reflexes
  • Increased appetite
  • Increased heart-rate
  • Feeling of well-being
  • Loss of inhibitions
  • Confusion

LONG-TERM EFFECTS

  • Bronchitis
  • Lung cancer
  • Dependence
  • Interference with sexual drive and hormone production
  • Change in motivation
  • Decreased concentration
  • Decreased memory and learning abilities
  • Schizophrenia and manic depression (bipolar disorder) in those who have a vulnerability to the condition.

 

Amphetamines

Amphetamine is a synthetic stimulant. It comes in powder form and is usually white, yellowish, gray or a pink color. It is snorted or ingested and it takes effect after about half an hour. It has varied effects.

Health Effects of Using Amphetamines:

The effects of amphetamines will vary from person to person depending on characteristics of the:

  • Individual (user) – Mood, physical size, health, gender, previous experience with amphetamines, expectations of the drug, personality, whether the person has had food and whether other drugs have been taken.
  • Drug – The amount used, its purity, and whether it is smoked, swallowed, snorted or injected.
  • Setting (environment) – Whether the person is using with friends, on his/her own in a social setting or at home, at work or before driving.

SHORT-TERM EFFECTS

  • Hyperactivity
  • Increased blood pressure, breathing and pulse rates
  • Anxiety, irritability, suspiciousness, panic attacks and a threatening manner
  • Increased energy, alertness, confidence and talkativeness
  • Reduced appetite, inability to sleep and enlarged pupils.

LONG-TERM EFFECTS

  • Malnutrition
  • Reduced resistance
  • Infection
  • Violent behaviour
  • Emotional disturbances
  • Periods of psychosis
  • Tolerance

As methamphetamine is more potent than dexamphetamine, users are likely to experience more severe side-effects.

The effects of methamphetamine include anxiety, depression, paranoia, aggression and psychotic symptoms. Methamphetamine also increases the risk of mental health problems, so people with an existing mental health condition should be even more cautious about using this drug.

 

 

Heroines: Heroin is one of a group of drugs called opiates that are derived from the opium poppy. It usually comes as an off-white or brown powder. A number of synthetic opiates are also manufactured for medical use and are open to abuse due to their similar effects to heroin, these include:

  • Dihydrocodeine (Df118)
  • Codeine
  • Tramadol
  • Pethidine
  • Diaconal

Methadone and Subutex are prescribed as substitute drugs for the treatment of heroin addiction.

Heroin is usually smoked (‘chasing the dragon’), snorted or prepared for injection. Heroin is a powerful pain killer and has euphoric qualities. The combined effects make heroin a very effective escapist drug.

Effects include:

  • The sense of wellbeing
  • feeling warm and content
  • Drowsy and untroubled
  • The sense of calm
  • The feeling of pleasure
  • The absence of worry, anxiety or pain

At higher doses, the user may become heavily sedated, be sleepy, unable to talk, and appear to fall asleep for a few minutes at a time. This is referred to as ‘touching’ or ‘nodding.’

There is an unpleasant period of withdrawal (often called “cold turkey”). These symptoms may begin within 6 to 24 hours of discontinuation and last for weeks, or even months after.

Symptoms include:

  • sweating
  • Malaise
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • The general feeling of heaviness
  • Excessive yawning or sneezing
  • Insomnia
  • Cold sweats
  • chills
  • Severe muscle and bone ache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • cramps
  • Fever

 

Alcohol: Alcohol is a depressant that is sold as beer, wine or liquor. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, one in two teenagers consumed alcohol in the past year. Although many teenagers consider it fun, it is very dangerous. The effects of alcohol on your body depend on your size, weight, sex, age and the amount of food you have consumed. Alcohol addiction is a real thing many people fall into the habit of drinking for more than just “fun” it becomes their world, read more below.

Health effects of taking alcohol

Short term effects:

  • Impairs reasoning and judgment
  • Lack of coordination and impaired judgment and reasoning – this is why you cannot drink and drive
  • Hangovers – nausea, dizziness, and vomiting
  • Violence and aggression
  • Slurred speech

Long term effects:

  • Alcoholism
  • Liver disease
  • Brain damage
  • Heart disease
  • If you suddenly stop drinking – withdrawal symptoms, including hallucinations, anxiety, convulsions
  • If you are pregnant and drinking – your child may have fetal alcohol syndrome.

 

 

Methamphetamine: Methamphetamine, commonly called speed, meth, glass, or crystal, is an addictive stimulant. Methamphetamine is taken orally, injected, or snorted. It is also, like cocaine, turned into a crystal that is smoked. Methamphetamine is often produced in labs, either legal or illegal, which harm the environment.

What are the short-term effects of methamphetamine?

  • Increased wakefulness
  • Increased physical activity
  • Increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • Increased body temperature
  • Decreased appetite
  • Hyperthermia (overheating)

What are the long-term effects of methamphetamine?

  • Mood disturbances
  • Violence
  • Anxiety and paranoia
  • Hallucinations and delusions
  • Extreme weight loss
  • Severe dental problems often called “meth mouth”
  • Confusion and memory problems
  • Insomnia
  • Addiction

 

  

Ecstasy: Ecstasy mainly comes in tablet form but can come in capsules or powder. The tablets can come in a number of different colors and often display a logo. It is usually swallowed but is sometimes snorted; its effects are experienced after 20 – 60 minutes and can last for 3 – 6 hours. The chemical name for pure ecstasy is MDMA.

Health Effects of Ecstasy

  • Loss of perception
  • Anxiety and agitation
  • Sweating, chills, and dizziness
  • Muscle tension
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Teeth grinding
  • Sadness and depression
  • Liver failure
  • Memory loss
  • Seizures
  • Hyperthermia (overheating)
  • Death – especially when combining with other drugs or alcohol

 

  

Rohypnol: Rohypnol is usually called the date rape drug or roofies. The drug’s actual name is Flunitrazepam and is legal in some countries (not the United States) to treat insomnia. Rohypnol is a sedative that creates a sleepy and relaxed feeling. It is comparable to Valium or Xanax, except that its sedative effects are 10 times stronger. It is a small white tablet that, when dissolved in a liquid, cannot be tasted nor smelled. It is used as a date rape drug because when it is combined with alcohol produces disinhibit ion and amnesia. Users often take Rohypnol with other drugs such as heroin or cocaine.

Health effects of Rohypnol:

  • Possible blackouts
  • Loss of memory
  • Disorientation
  • Nausea
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Respiratory problems
  •  Difficulty with motor movements

 

 

Solvents: Solvents are rapidly absorbed through the lungs into the bloodstream and quickly distributed to the brain and other organs. Within minutes users experience intoxication, with symptoms similar to those produced by drinking alcohol. Intoxication lasts only a few minutes, so some users prolong the “high” by continuing to inhale repeatedly.

The users initially feel slightly stimulated and after successive inhalations feel less inhibited and less in control. Hallucinations may occur and loss of consciousness. Sudden death syndrome is a risk, although rare it more commonly occurs amongst young people when using air conditioning coolants, butane, propane and some aerosols. These cause the heart to beat rapidly and erratically resulting in cardiac arrest.

Long term users can suffer from:

  • Weight loss
  • Muscle weakness
  • Disorientation
  • In-attentiveness
  • Lack of coordination
  • Irritability
  • Depression

Regular abuse of them can result in serious harm to vital organs. Serious, but potentially reversible effects include liver and kidney damage. Harmful irreversible effects include: hearing loss, limb spasms, bone marrow and central nervous system (including brain) damage.

If you we have left any known drug or narcotic off this list please get in touch and we can evaluate add potential add to our list.

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