Types of Addiction To Be Aware of.
Addiction Basics 101
Addiction can affect everyone. The touch of drug addiction can have adverse effects on man, woman, black, white, christian, muslim, old or young everyone!
From teenagers in the inner city to the elderly living in rural Australia, there is no one in this country immune to the dangers of drug addiction.
That is because drug addiction does not discriminate. It impacts the lives of men and women of all races, religions and socioeconomic groups.
Understanding Drug Addiction
Understanding drug addiction is an important part of helping a loved one who is suffering from the disease. The following information is presented to help those who are living in silence with a drug addiction, or those want to reach out and help another person who is suffering from addiction.
Most Common Types of Drug Addiction
Currently there are a number of different types of drug addiction “making the rounds” at treatment centers (and unfortunately, emergency rooms) around the United States. These conditions include:
- Cocaine addiction
- Heroin addiction
- Prescription drug addiction, including addictions to Vicodin and OxyContin
- Crystal meth addiction
- Percocet addiction
- Marijuana addiction
List of Addictions to Substances
Substance use disorders in the DSM-IV-TR provide a list of addictions relating to the following substances courtesy of Healthy place:1
- Opioids (like heroin)
- Prescription drugs (sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics like sleeping pills and tranquilizers)
- Cannabis (marijuana)
- Amphetamines (like methamphetamine, known as meth)
- Phencyclidine (known as PCP)
- Other unspecified substances that vary in potency, effect and addiction level.
List of Impulse Control Disorders
The DSM-IV-TR lists disorders where impulses cannot be resisted, which could be considered a type of addiction. The following is a list of the recognized impulse control disorders:2
- Intermittent explosive disorder (compulsive aggressive and assaultive acts)
- Kleptomania (compulsive stealing)
- Pyromania (compulsive setting of fires)
List of Addictions – Behavioral
It has been suggested one of the types of addictions is behavioral addiction. The following is a list of behaviors that have been noted to be addictive:3
- Food (eating)
- Pornography (attaining, viewing)
- Using computers / the internet
- Playing video games
- Spiritual obsession (as opposed to religious devotion)
- Pain (seeking)
Physical signs and symptoms of drug addiction include:
- Flu-like symptoms
- Excess amounts of physical energy
The psychological symptoms of drug addiction include:
- Nervousness & Anxiety
- Mood swings
- Delusions of grandeur
In addition to these physical and psychological symptoms, there are also a number of societal behaviours that tend to be exhibited by those suffering from addiction. These include:
- Engaging in reckless behavior, such as driving while intoxicated and unprotected sex with multiple partners
- Stealing money and engaging in other criminal activity to support a drug habit
- Stealing or borrowing money from friends and family to support one’s drug addiction
- Disappearing for long stretches of time without explanation
- Sudden poor performance at work or school
If you or someone you love is exhibiting one or more of these behaviours due to drug use, it is time to contact a professional interventionist or a drug rehab educational facility immediately. Information in any format can only help benefit you in helping yourself or your loved ones.
THE MECHANISM OF ADDICTION
Addiction is a chronic, relapsing disease affecting the brain’s reward, motivation, and related systems. People struggling with addiction are unable to control their actions or make rational decisions about their behaviour, even in the face of negative consequences.
Compounds and experiences with addictive potential activate the brain’s reward circuitry. These triggers are also called reinforcers because the pleasurable feeling we get from them makes us more likely to engage in them again.
Both alcohol and illicit drugs are powerful reinforcers, and cause the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain’s reward system. Repeated activation by these compounds changes the brain’s reward system structurally and chemically.
This constant strain on the brain changes some behavioral process abs thought pattern. These changes can highlight the feelings escalating in a change of mental state. Behavior patterns more commonly effected are bingeing and greed.
These changes added with continued strain can escalate the craving for the drug. Severe withdrawal symptoms and an extreme desire to exhibit anger and sadness. This is to be expected when removing the substance from an addict.
Addiction is a process based in altered functioning of the reward and motivation systems of the brain. It can manifest in many ways, but historically addictions fall under two categories.
Getting Help for Someone Else
The insidious thing about drug addiction is that individuals who are suffering from the condition rarely seek treatment help on their own. Simply put, most men and women are unable or unwilling to admit that they have a problem and need help. Many will also feel ashamed about their addiction – and therefore suffer in silence as they fall deeper and deeper into the negative spiral of drug dependence.
Therefore, it often falls to family and friends to help those in need of treatment. Once the signs and symptoms of drug addiction have been identified, the next step is to talk to the individual, openly and honestly, about their condition.
If, after talking, their addiction continues, it is recommended that you hold an intervention. An intervention is a meeting in which family and friends confront their loved one about their condition, in a loving manner, showing them how it has impacted the lives of those around them.
The object of an intervention is two-fold: to get the individual to admit that they have a problem with drugs, and to get that person into drug rehab immediately.
We have referred people to the many rehabilitation centers throughout Australia and have a good rapport with the center managers.
We want you to get help and we want the best outcome for you.
MULTIPLE ADDICTIONS AND CO-MORBID FACTORS
Science shows that substance and behavioural addictions can occur within the same individual and that multiple variants of substance or process addiction can be expressed at the same time. Thus, people can have multiple addictions with each addition being active to differing degrees of severity. Additionally, depression and anxiety frequently accompany addiction as co-morbid factors
Treating Addiction at a Drug Rehab Center
From the moment an individual sets foot inside a drug rehab center, the healing process begins. It starts with detox – a cleansing process that gives all the harmful toxins associated with drug use time to leave the body. During detox, the individual may experience withdrawal symptoms but once completed, it means that they have overcome their physical addiction to drugs. Some addictions, such as those to opiates, require medication help during detox. For these addictions, individuals may continue to take the maintenance medication for a long period of time. Medical professionals will assess each individual’s situation and determine the best treatment plan.
Counselling and therapy constitute the next phase of treatment. More than simply putting a bandage on the problem, drug addiction counselling helps the individual change their behaviour for their better. The objective of therapy is to locate each individual’s “triggers” for drug use – these are the circumstances that tempt them to use drugs – and then help them find a healthier way to respond to these situations.
There are three primary types of drug addiction counseling: individual, group and family. All types help to address the reasons behind addiction and to develop coping mechanisms to avoid future drug use.
- Individual counseling. This involves one-on-one meetings with a therapist to discuss the root causes of addiction and develop life strategies for sobriety.
- Group counselling. This therapy involves meetings with other recovering addicts in the program where people share stories and support one another through understanding and compassion.
- Family counselling. Family members often feel the most negative impact when a loved one is addicted to drugs. These sessions help clear the air and rebuild the broken bonds that hold a family together.
The final phase of drug rehab is aftercare. Through aftercare, the individual learns how to cope in their daily lives without the use of drugs. There are many different types of aftercare, including:
- 12-step meetings. Groups such as Narcotics Anonymous help the individual get regular support from other recovering addicts in the weeks, months and years following treatment. These meetings help those in need feel as if there is always someone there to support them.
- Sober living. A sober living home is a place where recovering addicts can gently transition back into life. They live among other recovering addicts and share responsibilities – all while in a safe, productive environment that is focused on healing.
- Follow-up counselling and therapy. Sometimes, recovering addicts are in need of a life “tune-up” following treatment. These counselling programs help insure that the individual is putting the lessons learned during rehab to good use. Many addicts continue with individual counselling for years after they exit a formal treatment program.
Find Treatment Help Today
Drug and Alcohol Addiction rehabilitation treatment programs last between one month and 12 months this of course depends entirely on the person being treated and their acceptance to change. This also is partly depending on the severity of the individual’s addiction or addictions.
Types of rehabilitation location based programs,residential (where the individual lives at the facility full time) and outpatient (the recovering addict attends treatment during the day and then returns home in the evening) These are the two main types of addiction rehabilitation programs used there are alternatives but these are the more commonly used methods.
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Choosing the right form of drug rehab depends upon the individual’s lifestyle, responsibilities and specific addiction. Regardless of the specific drug of addiction, rest assured that the addict will be in good hands in high-quality, evidence-based drug rehab programs.
For more information on treatment programs available across the country, contact us today
Fight addiction seek help and know that people care.